Professor Horace Barlow



Available at

(main 20 papers are in bold)

January 09

The list can be copied, or any of the papers whose number is underlined and in blue.  This site is currently being updated and therefore I apologise if the paper you need is not yet available.


If you only know the date of a paper you are looking for, search, the relevant part of the list, but be warned that some papers are out of order by a year or two.  If you only know the subject, the pair of letters after the list number indicates the topic in the following categories:-



sn = single neuron

vp = visual psychophysics

ti = theories and ideas

mg = misc and general




























1 sn

RUSHTON, W.A.H. & BARLOW, H.B. (1943).  Single-fibre response from an intact animal.  Nature 152: 597.



2 vp

BARLOW, H.B., KOHN, H.I. & WALSH, E.G. (1947).  Visual sensations aroused by magnetic fields.  Am. J. Physiol. 148, 372-375.



3 vp

BARLOW, H.B., KOHN, H.I. & WALSH, E.G. (1947).  The effect of dark  adaptation and of light upon the electric threshold of the human eye.  Am. J. Physiol. 148, 376-381.



4 sn (0)

BARLOW, H.B. (1950).  The receptive fields of ganglion cells in the frog retina.  XVIII Int. Physiol. Congress, Copenhagen.  pp. 88-89.



5 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1952).  Eye movements during fixation.  J. Physiol. 116, 290-306.



6 sn

BARLOW, H.B. (1953).  Action potentials from the frog's retina.  J. Physiol. 119, 58-68.



7 sn

BARLOW, H.B. (1953).  Summation and inhibition in the frog's retina.  J. Physiol. 119, 69-88.



8 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1952).  The size of ommatidia in apposition eyes.  J. Expl Biol. 29, 667-674.



9 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1956).  Retinal noise and absolute threshold.  J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 634-639.



10 vp,ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1957).  Purkinje shift and retinal noise.  Nature, Vol. 179, 255-256.



11 vp,ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1957).  Noise and the visual threshold.  Nature, 180, 1403-1405.



12 vp,ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1958).  Intrinsic noise of cones.  NPL Symposium on Visual Problems of Colour.  pp. 615-639.  H.M. Stationery Office, London.



13 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1957).  Increment thresholds at low intensities considered as signal/noise discriminations.  J. Physiol. 136, 469-488.



14 sn

BARLOW, H.B., FITZHUGH, R. & KUFFLER, S.W. (1957).  Dark adaptation, absolute threshold and Purkinje shift in single units of the cat's retina. J. Physiol.  137, 327-337.



15 sn

BARLOW, H.B., FITZHUGH, R. & KUFFLER, S.W. (1957).  Change of organization  in the receptive fields of the cat's retina during dark adaptation.  J. Physiol. 137, 338-354.



16 sn

KUFFLER, S.W., FITZHUGH, R. & BARLOW, H.B. (1957).  Maintained activity in the cat's retina in light and darkness.  J. Gen. Physiol. 40, 683-702.



17 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1958).  Temporal and spatial summation in human vision at different background intensities.  J. Physiol. 141, 337-350.



18 vp,ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1959).  Refractory compartments and the quantum efficiency  of rods.  J. Physiol. 148, 36-37P.



19 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1959).  Sensory mechanisms, the reduction of redundancy,  and intelligence.  NPL Symposium on the Mechanization of Thought Process.   No. 10, pp 535-539, H.M. Stationery Office, London.



20 mg

BARLOW, H.B. & DONALDSON, P.E.K.  (1958).  Recoding device.  NPL  Symposium on the Mechanization of Thought Process.  H.M. Stationery  Office, London, pp. 556, 1959.



21 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1961).  Possible principles underlying the transformations  of sensory messages.  Chapter 13.  In: Sensory  Communication,   W.Rosenblith (Ed.), M.I.T. Press, pp. 217-234.



22 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1961).  Three points about lateral inhibition.  In: Sensory  Communication, W. Rosenblith (Ed.), M.I.T. Press, pp. 782-790.



23 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1961).  The coding of sensory messages.  Chapter XIII.  In  Current  Problems  in  Animal  Behaviour, Thorpe and Zangwill (Eds),  Cambridge University Press, pp. 330-360.



24 ti (0)

BARLOW, H.B. (1961).  Der Informationswert verschiedener Reaktionstypen  der Neurone des visuellen systems;  Gruppendiskussion.  Initial Remarks.  In:The Visual System: Neurophysiology and Psychophysics, R. Jung & H.  Kornhuber (Eds), Springer-Verlag: Berlin, pp. 375-376.



25 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1962).  A method of determining the overall quantum  efficiency of visual discriminations.  J. Physiol. 160, 155-168.



26 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1962).  Measurements of the quantum efficiency of  discrimination in human scotopic vision.  J. Physiol. 160, 169-188.



27 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1962).  The brain as a Predictor.  Cambridge Opinion 27.  R. Freedman (Ed.), p. 18.



28 sn

BARLOW, H.B. & HILL, R.M. (1963).  Selective sensitivity to direction of  movement in ganglion cells of the rabbit retina.  Science 139, 412-414.



29 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1963).  Slippage of contact lenses and other artifacts in  relation to fading and regeneration of supposedly stable retinal image.   Q. J. Exp. Psychology 15, 36-51.



30 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1963).  The information capacity of nervous transmission.   Kybernetik 2, 1.



31 sn

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R.  (1963).  Are bipolar cells directionally  selective?  J. Physiol. 170, 54-55P.



32 sn

BARLOW, H.B. & HILL, R.M.  (1963).  Evidence for a physiological explanation of the waterfall phenomenon and figural after-effects.   Nature 200, 1345-1347.



33 vp

BARLOW, H.B. & BRINDLEY, G.S. (1963).  Inter-ocular transfer of movement  after-effects during pressure blinding of the stimulated eye.  Nature  200, 1347-1348.



34 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1964).  The physical limits of visual discrimination.  In:  Photophysiology, A.C. Giese (Ed.), Academic Press, Vol. 2, pp. 163-202.



35 vp

BARLOW, H.B. & SPARROCK, J.M.B.  (1964).  The role of afterimages in dark  adaptation.  Science 144, 1309-1314.



36 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1964).  Dark adaptation: a new hypothesis.  Vision  Research, 4, 47-58.



37 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1964).  Neural and photochemical adaptation in the retina.   Acta Psychol. 23, 115-116.



38 sn

BARLOW, H.B., HILL, R.M. & LEVICK, W.R.  (1964).  Retinal ganglion cells  responding selectively to direction and speed of image motion in the  rabbit.  J. Physiol. 173, 377-407.



39 sn 

LEVICK, W.R., BARLOW, H.B. & HILL, R.M. (1964).  Retinal mechanism for  the perception of movement in rabbits.  Symposium sponsored by Visual  Sciences Study Section, N.I.H. 97-105.



40 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R. (1965).  The mechanism of directionally  selective units in rabbit's retina.  J. Physiol. 178, 477-504.



41 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1965).  Visual resolution and the diffraction limit.   Science, Vol. 149, 553-555.



42 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. (1965).  Optic nerve impulses and Weber's Law.  Cold Spring  Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 30, 539-546.



43 vp 

TELLER, D.Y., ANDREWS, D.P. & BARLOW, H.B. (1966).  Local adaptation in  stabilized vision.  Vision Research 6, 701-705.



44 vp 

BARLOW, H.B., LEVICK, W.R. & WESTHEIMER, G. (1966).  Computer-plotted  receptive fields.  Science 154, 920.



45 sn 

OYSTER, C.W. & BARLOW, H.B. (1967).  Direction-selective units in rabbit  retina: distribution of preferred directions.  Science 155, 841-842.



46 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1967).  Organized forgetting: A disorganized critique of  the distinctions among various types of memory.  In: The Organization  of Recall, Proceedings of the Second Conference (1964) of Learning,  Remembering, and Forgettting.  D.P. Kimble (Ed), N.Y. Acad. Sci. New York.  pp 342-349.



47 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. & ANDREWS, D.P. (1967).  Sensitivity of receptors and  receptor "pools".  J. opt. Soc. Am. 57, 837-838.



48 sn

BARLOW, H.B., BLAKEMORE, C. & PETTIGREW, J.D. (1967).  The neural  mechanism of binocular depth discrimination.  J. Physiol. 193, 327-342.



49 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R.  (1968). The Purkinje Shift in the Cat  retina. J.Physiol. 196, 2P.



50 sn 

LEVICK, W.R. & BARLOW, H.B. (1968).  Luminance signals from cat retinal  ganglion cells.  The Aust. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sci. 46, 11.



51 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R. (1969).  Three factors limiting the reliable  detection of light by retinal ganglion cells of the cat.  J. Physiol.  200, 1-24.



52 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1969).  Pattern recognition and the responses of sensory  neurons.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 156, 872-881.



53 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R. (1969).  Changes in the maintained discharge  with adaptation level in the cat retina.  J. Physiol. 202, 699-718.



54 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1969). Scaling and refractoriness in pulse trains. J. opt. Soc. Am. 59, [11]: 1500.



55 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1969).  Stabilized retinal images.  Rendiconti della Scuola  Int. di Fisica "Enrico Fermi", XLIII Corso.  Academic Press, pp 431-441.



56 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R. (1969).  Coding of light intensity by the cat  retina.  Rendiconti della Scoula Int. di Fisica "Enrico Fermi", XLIII  Corso.  Academic Press, pp 385-396.



57 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1969).  Trigger features, adaptation and economy of  impulses.  In: Information Processing in the Nervous System, M. Leibovic (Ed.),  Springer-Verlag: New York, pp 209-226.



58 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1970).  Definition of Intelligence.  Nature 228, 1008.



59 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. (1970).  Sensitivity and spontaneous activity in the cat's  retina.  J. Physiol. Soc. Jap. Vol. 32, 543-544.



60 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & PETTIGREW, J.D. (1971).  Lack of specificity of neurones  in the visual cortex of young kittens.  J. Physiol. 218, 98-100P.



61 sn

BARLOW, H.B., LEVICK, W.R. & YOON, M. (1971).  Responses to single quanta  of light in retinal ganglion cells of the cat.  Vision Research 11,  Supplement No. 3, 87-101.



62 m 

BARLOW, H.B. (1971).  Foundations of cyclopean perception by Bela Julesz,  Vision Research 14, 221.  Book Review.



63 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. (1972)  Rate of dark adaptation in the cat.  Vision  Research 12, 139-140.



64 mg 

BARLOW, H.B. & OSWALD, T.J. (1972).  The pecten of the pigeon's eye as an  intra-ocular eye shade.  Nature New Biol. 236, 88-90.



65 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1972). Dark and light adaptation: psychophysics.  In:  Handbook of Sensory Physiology.  D.A. Jameson and L.M. Hurvich (Eds),  Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Vol. 7, part 4, pp 1-28.



66 ti 

BARLOW, H.B., NARASHIMHAN, R. & ROSENFELD, A.  (1972).  Visual pattern  analysis of machines and animals.  Science 177, 567-575.



67 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1972).  Single units and sensation: A neuron doctrine for  perceptual psychology?  Perception 1, 371-394.



68 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. & Sakitt, B. (1973).  Doubts about scotopic interactions in  stabilised vision.  Vision Research 13, 523-524.



69 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. & ANDREWS, D.P. (1973).  The site at which rhodopsin  bleaching raises the scotopic threshold.  Vision Research 13, 903.



70 sn 

PETTIGREW, J., OLSON, C. & BARLOW, H.B. (1973).  Kitten visual cortex:  short-term, stimulus-induced changes in connectivity.  Science 180, 1202-1203.



71 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1974).  Redundancy and perception.  In: Proceedings of the  Summer School on the Physics and Mathematics of the Nervous System at the  International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste.  Springer Lecture  Note Series in Biomathematics (ed.).



72 sn 

BARLOW, H.B., BLAKEMORE, C. & VAN SLUYTERS, R.C. (1974).  Measurement of  residual eye movements during the analysis of disparity of receptive  fields of visual neurones.  J. Physiol. 242, 38-39P.



73 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1974). Inductive inference, coding, perception and  language. Perception 3,123-134.



74 mg 

WILCOX, J.G. & BARLOW, H.B. (1975).  The size and shape of the pupil in  lightly anaesthetized cats as a function of luminance.  Vision Research  15, 1363-1365.



75 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1975).  Visual experience and cortical development.  Nature  258, 199-204.



76 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1976).  Is neurobiology totally non-mathematical?  In:  Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences, Vol. 8, of the American  Mathematical Society.



77 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. & LEVICK, W.R. (1976).  Threshold setting by the surround of  cat retinal ganglion cells.  J. Physiol. 259, 737-757.



78 sn

LENNIE, P., DERRINGTON, A.M., HARRIS, L.R. & BARLOW, H.B. (1976).   McIlwain's peripheral shift effect.  Neuroscience Letters, 3, 98-99



79 vp (0)

BARLOW, H.B. & VAN MEETEREN, A. (1976). Measuring the efficiency of  detecting patterns in random dots.  J. Physiol. 254, 10P.



80 vp 

BARLOW, H.B., MACLEOD, D.I.A. & VAN MEETEREN, A. (1976).  Adaptation to  gratings: No compensatory advantage found.  Vision Research. 16, 1043- 1045.



81 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1976).  The languages of the brain.  In: The Encyclopaedia  of Ignorance,  M. Weston-Smith and R. Duncan (Eds), Vol. 2.  Pergamon  Press: Oxford.



82 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1977).  Retinal and central factors in human vision limited by noise.  In: Photoreception in Vertebrates, H.B. Barlow and P. Fatt (Eds), Academic Press: London.



83 sn 

BARLOW, H.B., DERRINGTON, A.M., HARRIS, L.R. & LENNIE, P. (1977).  The  effects of remote retinal stimulation on the responses of cat retinal  ganglion cells.  J. Physiol. 269, 177-194.



84 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1977).  Performance, perception, dark-light, and gain  boxes.  Neurosciences Res. Prog. Bull. 15, No. 3, 394-397.



85 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1978).  The efficiency of detecting changes of density in  random dot patterns.  Vision Research 18, 637-650.



86 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1978).  The absolute efficiency of human pattern detection.   In: Frontiers in Visual Science,  S.J. Cool, E.L. Smith III and D.L. MacAdam (Eds),  pp 240-252, Springer Verlag: New York.



87 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. & REEVES, B.(1979) The versatility and absolute  efficiency of detecting mirror symmetry in random dot displays. Vision Research 19, 783-793.



88 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1979).  Nature's Joke: A conjecture on the biological role  of consciousness.  In: Consciousness and the Physical World,  B.D. Josephson and V.S. Ramachandran (Eds), Pergamon Press: Oxford. pp 81-90.



89 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1979).  Reconstructing the visual image in space and time.  Nature 279, 189-190.



90 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1979).  Three theories of cortical function.  In:  Developmental Neurobiology of Vision,  R.D. Freeman (Ed.), Plenum Press:  New York, pp 1-16.



91 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1980).  Cortical function: a tentative theory and  preliminary test.  In: Neural Mechanisms in Behaviour, pp 143-171.    D. McFadden (Ed.), Springer-Verlag: New York.



92 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1980).  The absolute efficiency of perceptual decisions.   Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 290, 71-82.



93 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1980). Theories of cortical function and measurement of  its performance.  In: Neurobiological Basis of Learning and Memory,   Y Tsukada and B W  Agranoff (Eds), Wiley: N.Y.



94 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. (1980). Visual cortex and psychophysics of vision.  Neurosci. Letters Suppl. 5, S3.



95 vp 

BARLOW, H.B. & MCNAUGHTON, P.A. (1980).  Illusory curvature caused by  retinal delay.  J. Physiol. 308, 11-12P.



96 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1981).  Physiological linking hypotheses.  In: "Relating   Physiology to Psychophysics: current problems and approaches".  pp 83-87,        W. Makous, D. Hood, T. Pasternak & D. Green (Eds.),  Report of 12th  Symposium of the Center for Visual Sciences, University of Rochester, New  York, held 18-20 June, 1981.



97 vp 

VAN MEETEREN, A. & BARLOW, H.B. (1981).  The statistical efficiency for  detecting sinusoidal modulation of average dot density in random figures. Vision Research 21, 765-777.



98 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1981).  Critical limiting factors in the design of the eye  and visual cortex. The Ferrier Lecture, 1980. Proc. R. Soc. Lond.B. 212, 1-34.



99 vp 

BURGESS, A.E., WAGNER, R.F., JENNINGS, R.J. & BARLOW, H.B. (1981).   Efficiency of human visual signal discrimination.  Science 214, 93-94.



100 ti 

SAKITT, B. & BARLOW, H.B. (1982).  A model for the economical encoding of  the visual image in the cerebral cortex.  Biological Cybernetics 43, 97- 108.



101 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1982).  The past, present and future of feature detectors.   Given at a Symposium held at the University of Austin, March, 1979.  (Ed.  D.G. Albrecht).  In: Recognition of Pattern and Form, pp 4-32.  Lecture  Notes in Biomathematics, No. 44 (Ed. S. Levin) Springer-Verlag: Berlin.



102 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1982).  What causes trichromacy?  A theoretical analysis  using comb-filtered spectra.  Vision Research 22, 636-643.



103 vp

BARLOW, H.B. & MOLLON, J.D. (Eds) (1982).  The Senses.  Cambridge Texts  in the Physiological Sciences, Vol. 3.  Cambridge University Press: Ch.  1, pp 1-33; Ch. 6, pp 102-113; Ch. 7 (with J.D. Mollon), pp 114-132; Ch.  8 (with J.M. Woodhouse), pp 133-164; Ch. 20 (with J. Atkinson and O.Braddick), pp 448-469.



104 m 

BARLOW, H.B. (1982).  David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel.  Their contribution  towards understanding the primary visual cortex.  Trends in Neuroscience  5, 145-152.



105 vp 

BARLOW, H.B., GEMPERLEIN, R., PAUL, R. & STEINER, A. (1983).  Human  contrast sensitivity for comb-filtered spectra.  J. Physiol. 340, 50P.



106 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1983).  Understanding natural vision.  In: Physical and  Biological Processing of Images  (Proceedings of an International  Symposium organized by The Rank Prize Funds, London, England, 27-29 Sept.  1982).  Vol. 11, Springer series in Information Sciences,     O.J. Braddick and A.C. Sleigh (Eds), pp 2-14.



107 vp 

WATSON, A.B., BARLOW, H.B. & ROBSON, J.G. (1983).  What does the eye see  best?  Nature 302, 419-422.



108 vp 

BURGESS, A.E. & BARLOW, H.B. (1983).  The precision of numerosity  discrimination in arrays of random dots.  Vision Res. 23, 811‑820.



109 ti 

BARLOW, H.B. (1983).  Intelligence, Guesswork, Language.  Nature 304, 207-209.  Also in:  Matters of Intelligence, L.M. Vaina (Ed.)  1987.   pp 185-195.



110 sn 

BARLOW, H.B. (1983).  Visual coding: the retina.  In: Proceedings of the  International Union of Physiological Sciences, 29th Congress, Sydney,  Australia, Abstract 166.02, p. 72.



111 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1983).  If there are cortical modules, what do they do?   In: Proc.International Union of Physiological Sciences,  29th Congress, Sydney, Australia.  Abstract 410.03, p. 327.



112 sn

LEVICK, W.R., THIBOS, L.N., COHN, T.E., CATANZARO, D. & BARLOW, H.B.  (1983).  Performance of cat retinal ganglion cells at low light levels.  J. Gen. Physiol. 82, 405-426.



113 ti 

PHILLIPS, C.G., ZEKI, S. & BARLOW, H.B. (1984).  Localisation of function  in the cerebral cortex.  Past, Present and Future.  Brain 107, 327‑361.



114 vp

KERSTEN, D. & BARLOW, H.B. (1984). Searching for the high-contrast  patterns we see best.  Suppl. to Invest. Ophthal. & Vis. Sci. Vol. 25,  No. 3, p 313(2).



115 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1984).  Some simple observations on the combination of  visual information from binocular and motion parallax.  In: Computational  Models of Hearing and Vision, Symposium held in Tallinn, Nov 19-21,  1984, pp 63-65.



116 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1985).  The role of nature, nurture and intelligence in  pattern recognition. Pontificae Academiae Scientiarvm Scripta Varia 54,  121‑308,  C. Chagas, R. Gattass and C. Gross (Eds).  Also in: Pattern Recognition Mechanisms, C. Chagas, R. Gattass and C. Gross (Eds),  Experimental Brain Research Supplementum 11 (1986), Springer, Berlin.



117 sn

BARLOW, H.B. (1985). The role of single neurons in the psychology of perception.  Bartlett Lecture, 1984.  Q. J. Expl Psychology 37A, 121-145.



118 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1985).  Perception: What quantitative laws govern the  acquisition of knowledge from the senses?  In: Functions of the Brain,  Wolfson College Lectures, 1982, C. Coen (Ed.),  Oxford University Press.



119 mg

BARLOW, H. B. (1985).  Why have multiple cortical areas?  Talk given at  Workshop on Systems Approach to Vision, 1984.  Vision Research, 26, 81‑90.



120 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1985).  Cerebral cortex as a model builder.  In: Models of  the Visual Cortex,  D. Rose and V. Dobson (Eds), John Wiley: Chichester.pp. 37-46.  (Also in: Matters of Intelligence, L.M. Vaina (Ed.), 1987  pp. 395‑406.



121 vp

BARLOW, H.B. (1986).  Why can't the eye see better. In: Visual  Neuroscience, J.D. Pettigrew, K.J. Sanderson & W.R. Levick (Eds).  P O Bishop  Festschrift, 1984.  Cambridge: CUP.pp 3-18.



122 vp

KERSTEN, D. and BARLOW, H.B. (1985) Why are contrast thresholds so high?   ARVO Suppl. to Invest. Ophthal. & Vis. Sci. Vol. 26, 140.             



123 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1986).  William Rushton F.R.S. 1901-1980, Biographical  Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol 32, 423-459.  Cambridge University Press.       



124 vp

MALONEY, R.K., MITCHISON, G.J. and BARLOW, H.B. (1987).  The limit to the  detection of Glass patterns in the presence of noise.  Journal of the  Optical Society of America A, 4, 2336-2341.



125 vp, sn

BARLOW, H.B., HAWKEN, M. KAUSHAL, T.P. and PARKER, A.J. (1987).  Human  contrast discrimination and the threshold of cortical neurons.  J. Optical Society of America A, 4, 2366-2371.



126 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1987).  Efficiency, versatility, cognitive maps and  language.  A comment on The comparative psychology of ntelligence by E.  Macphail, Behavioural and Brain Sciences.  10:4, 657-658.



127 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1990).  What does the brain see?  How does it understand?   In: Images and Understanding,  H.B. Barlow, C.B. Blakemore and E.M. Weston- Smith (Eds).  Cambridge University Press. 



128 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1987).  The biological role of consciousness.  In:  Mindwaves, C. Blakemore and S. Greenfield (Eds).  Basil Blackwell, Oxford,  pp 361-374.



129 mg 

BARLOW, H.B. (1987).  Hubel and Wiesel: Joint work.  In: The Oxford  Companion to the Mind, R.L. Gregory (Ed.).  Oxford University Press, pp 313-315.



130 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1987).  Intelligence: the art of good guesswork.  In: The Oxford Companion to the Mind. R.L. Gregory (Ed.).  Oxford University Press, pp 381-383.



131 vp,ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1990).  A theory about the functional role and  synaptic mechanism of visual after-effects.  In: Vision: coding and efficiency, C B Blakemore (Ed).  Cambridge University Press.



132 mg

SNYDER, A.W. and BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  Revealing the artist's touch.   Nature, 331;  117-118.



133 vp

VERGHESE, P., PELLI, D.G. and BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  Detecting the  absence of motion.  ARVO 1988 abtracts.



134 ti

FIELD, D.J., KERSTEN, D. and BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  Is redundancy  increased or decreased in visual coding.  ARVO 1988 abtracts.



135 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  Neuroscience: a new era?  A comment on: Neural Darwinism:  The Theory of Neuronal Group Selection by Edelman, G.M.  Basic Books Inc., New York, (1987)  In: Nature, 331, p571.



136 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  A comment on: Mental Processes: Studies in Cognitive Science by Longuet-Higgins, H.C. Published by MIT Press, Mass. (1987).  Q. J. Expl Psychology.  41A, 417-420



137 mg

BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  A comment on: Eye, Brain and Vision by Hubel, D.H.  [Published by Scientific American Library, New York (1988)].  New  Scientist, 1611, 5 May 1988 p67.



138 mg

BARLOW, H.B. and HODGKIN, D. (1990).  A review of : Blindsight by  Weiskrantz, L. and To See But Not To See by Humphreys, G.W. and  Riddoch, M.J.   Q. J. Expl. Psychology. 42A, 173-188.



139 ti

BARLOW, H.B. (1988).  The thermal limit to seeing.  Nature, 334, pp 296-297.



140 ti

Barlow, H. B., & Földiák, P. (1989). Adaptation and decorrelation in the cortex.  In R. Durbin, C. Miall, & G. Mitchison (Ed.), The Computing Neuron (pp. 54-72). Wokingham, England: Addison-Wesley.



141 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1990). The Mechanical Mind.  Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13, 15-24.



142 ti 

Barlow, H. B., Kaushal, T. P., & Mitchison, G. J. (1989). Finding minimum entropy codes. Neural Computation, 1, 406-416.



143 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1989). Unsupervised learning. Neural Computation, 1, 295-311.



144 ti (0) 

hentschel, H. G. E. & Barlow, H. B. (1988) The two-dimensional global matcher.  In Esprit project P 940, Depth and Motion Analysis.  Report R 4 2 1 Matching Geometric Representations.



145 ti (0) 

hentschel, H. G. E. , Barlow, H. B. & Foldiak, P.(1989)  Path planning by a mobile vehicle using VLSI design automation algortithms.  In Esprit project P 940, Depth and Motion Analysis.  Report R 4 3 1 Motion Planning and Tracking.



146 mg

Barlow, H. B. (1990) Communication and Representation in the brain. In H. W. Mellor, & P. Johnson-Laird (Ed.), Communication; The Darwin Lectures 1989 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



147 mg,ti

Barlow, H. B. (1990) Conditions for versatile learning, Helmholtz’s unconscious inference, and the task of perception. Vision Research, 30, 1561‑1571



148 ti 

Barlow, H. B. (1992) The Biological Role of Neocortex.  pp 53-80 in Information Processing in the Cortex, (also Independence, pp167-168; Single cells versus Neuronal Assemblies, pp169-173; Neurons as Computational Elements, pp175-178).  Eds A Aertsen and V Braitenberg.  Berlin: Springer-Verlag.



149 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1991).  Vision tells you more than “What is Where”.  In  A. Gorea (Ed.), Representations of Vision Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



150 mg

Barlow, H. B. (1991) Final report on participation in Esprit project P 940, Depth and Motion Analysis.



151 ti

Hentschel, H. G. E.  & Barlow, H. B. (1991) Minimum entropy coding with Hopfield networks   Network 2 135-148



152 ti

Barlow, H B (1993) Object identification and cortical organisation.  In The Functional Organisation of the Human Visual Cortex, (eds B Gulyas, David Ottoson and Per Roland).  Oxford: Pergamon Press



153 ti

Gardner-Medwin, A. R. & Barlow, H. B. (1992) The effect of sparseness in distributed representations on the detectability of associations between sensory events.  Journal of Physiology 452, 282P



154 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1993)  What is the Computational Goal of the Neocortex?  Chapter in Large scale neuronal theories of the brain, (eds Christof Koch and Joel Davis).  MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.



155 sn

Barlow, H. B. (1994) The Neuron Doctrine in Perception.  Chapter in TheCognitive Neurosciences, ed M Gazzaniga.  Boston; MIT Press. 



156 ti

Barlow, H. B., & Tolhurst, D. J.  (1992)  Why do you have edge detectors?  In 1992 Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, 1992 Technical Digest series volume 23 (pp. 172). Albuquerque, NM: Washington: Optical Society of America.



157 sn,ti

Barlow, H. B. (1995) Cell assemblies versus single cells.  To appear in:-  Brain Theory: Biological Basis and Computational Theory of Vision.  Proceedings of the 5th International Meeting on Brain Theory, Trento, Italy, 5-7 April 1994.  Edited by A Aertsen and V Braitenberg.



158 ti

Barlow, H.B. (1997). Single neurons, communal goals, and consciousness. In M. Ito, Y. Miyashita & E. T. Rolls (Eds.), Cognition, computation, and consciousness (pp. 121-136). Oxford: Oxford University Press.



159 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1995)   Banishing the Homunculus. In D. Knill & W. Richards (Eds.), Perception as Bayesian Inference Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



160 sn,ti

Barlow, H.  B. (1996)  Intraneural information processing, directional selectivity, and memory for phase sequences   Network: Computation in Neural Systems  7, 251-259 



161 mg 

Barlow, H.  B. (1996)   A forest of principles.  Current Biology 6,100.



162 mg

Pelah, A and Barlow  H  B (1996)  Visual illusion from running  Nature  381, 283



163 vp.(0) 

Barlow, H. B., Tripathy, S.P. & Baddeley, R. (1995). The statistical efficiency for detecting coherent motion. Perception (Suppl.), 24, 1.



164 mg

Barlow, H.  B. (1997)  The knowledge used in vision and where it comes from.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 352(1358):1141-1147.



165 sn 

Carandini, M., Barlow, H. B., O'Keefe, L. P., Poirson, A. B., & Movshon, J. A. (1997)  Adaptation to contingencies in macaque primary visual cortex.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 352(1358):1149-54.



166 mg

Anderson, j., Barlow, h. & Gregory, r. (1997)   Organisers' Introduction.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.  In press



167 ti

Barlow, H. B. (1998) The nested networks of brains and minds.  For CIBA Foundation Symposium # 213 on Limits of Reductionism in Biology. ed L Wolpert.. 



168 mg

Barlow, H.  B. (1997) Adaptation by hyperpolarization.  "Perspective" Science, May 1997.



169 sn

Barlow, H. B.  (1996)  The psychology of the frog's retina.  In The Experimental Psychology Society 1946-1996. (ed J D Mollon): Experimental Psychology Society, Cambridge 1996.  (not a recent work, but at least it has now been printed!)



170 vp (0)

Tripathy, S.P. & Barlow, H.B. (1996). The effect of dot number on correspondence noise in random dot kinematograms. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Suppl.), 37/3, pp.S745.



171 vp (0)

Tripathy, S.P., Mussap, A.J. & Barlow, H.B. (1996). Perceptual grouping of dots in noise. Perception (Suppl.), 25, pp. 3.



172 vp (0) 

Tripathy, S.P. & Barlow, H.B. (1997).  Correspondence noise limit to motion perception in stimuli with multiple frames.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Suppl.), 38/4, pp.S375.



173 vp (0) 

Tripathy, S.P. & Barlow, H.B. (1997). Correspondence noise limits to global motion perception.  Invited talk to be given at the Symposium “Limits to Visual Perception: A Comparative Approach” on Aug. 25 at the European Conference on Visual Perception held in Helsinki.



174 vp

Barlow, H.B. & Tripathy, S.P. (1997). Correspondence noise and signal pooling in the detection of coherent visual motion.    Journal of Neuroscience 17, 7954-7966



175 ti (0) 

Barlow H B (1998)  Prediction, inference, and the homunculus.  (BBS Commentary on article by Pessoa et al on Filling-In)   Behavioural and Brain Science  21(6), 750-751



176 vp (0)

Tripathy, S P & Barlow, H B (1999)  Spatio-temporal tuning and summation in the mechanisms for detecting global motion.  ARVO abstract 1999.



177 mg 

Barlow, H B (1998) Cerebral Predictions. Perception, 27, 885-888



178 vp

Tripathy, S.P.,Mussap, A.J., Barlow, H.B. (1999)  Detecting collinear dots in noise  Vision Research 39, 4161-4171



179 mg (0)

Barlow, H B (1999)  Cerebral Cortex  The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (eds R A Wilson, F C Keil)  pp 111-113



180 mg (0)

Barlow, H B (1999)  Feature detectors  The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (eds R A Wilson, F C Keil)  pp 311-313



181 vp  (0)

Bonnardel, V., Ruderman, D. L., & Barlow, H. B. (1997). Fast determination of the spectral modulation sensitivity function: a comparison between trichomats and deuteranopes. In Colour vision deficiencies XIII, ed. Cavonius, C. R., pp. 415-424. Kluwer, Dordrecht.

182 vp (0)

Tripathy, S P & Barlow, H B  (1998)  Coherent motion between non-adjacent fields of a random dot kinematogram.  J Physiol 506. 86-87 P.  



183 sn (0)

Mogi, K & Barlow, H B (1999) The source of variability in neural responses from MT. J.Physiol 515, 101-102 P



184 mg

Wong,W & Barlow, H B  (2000) Tunes and templates Nature 404, 952-953



185 ti

A. R. GARDNER-MEDWIN & H. B. BARLOW  (2001)  The limits of counting accuracy in distributed neural representations   Neural Computation  13,  477-504



186 ti

H. B. Barlow and A. R. Gardner-Medwin  2000)  Localist  representation  can  improve  efficiency  for  detection  and counting.   (BBS Commentary on article on Connectionist Modelling by Mike Page)  Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23:467-



187 ti

Barlow, H B (2001) Redundancy reduction revisited.  Network : computation in neural systems  12, 241-253



188 mg,ti 

Barlow, H B (2001) The  exploitation  of  regularities  in  the  environment  by  the  brain.  Brain and Behavioral sciences  24, 602-607



189 ti

Barlow, H.B. (2002) Cognition as code-breaking. Perception and the Physical World (Eds Dieter Heyer and Rainer Mausfeld). Ch 2, pp 21-35. Chichester, England: John Wiley and Sons,Ltd



190 ti 

Barlow, H B (2002) Hidden agenda.  Perception and the Physical World (Eds Dieter Heyer and Rainer Mausfeld). Ch 12, pp 307-316. Chichester, England: John Wiley and Sons,Ltd 



191 mg

Barlow, H. B. (2002) Are sceptics and believers both wrong ?  The Paranormal Review, Issue 23, pages 18-21



192 sn,mg

BARLOW H. B. (2003)  The Role of single neurons in the past and future of neurobiology. Visual Neuroscience, Ch 2 pp 14-29 (eds L Chalupa and J  Werner).  MIT Press .



193 vp

Olshausen, o. & Barlow, h. b.  (2004) Convergent evidence for the visual analysis of motion through anisotropic attenuation of high  spatial frequencies  Journal of Vision  4. 415-426



194 ti

Barlow H B (2004) Consciousness, communication, civilisation In Oxford Companion to the mind, 2nd edition  2004 (ed Richard Gregory)  pp 219-221.



195 mg





AP 1


AP 2


AP 3



AP 4

Barlow H B (2006)  Review ofSeeing, Doing and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception” by Moh an Mathan.  BioEssays 28:1056-1059.  Wiley Periodicals.


Additional Papers


BARLOW, H. B. (1957) Is artificial intelligence possible?


BARLOW, H. B. & BROADBENT, D. E. (1959) Possible developments of the Optophone


BARLOW, H.B. on The mammalian cerebral cortex by B. Delisel Burns, Monographs of the Physiological Society 5, London: E Arnold, Ltd, pp 119


BARLOW, H.B. (1960) Some Contributions of animal experiment to the conquest of disease by Geoffrey Lapage, Cambridge, Heffer & Sons Ltd